In 1870, explorer Frederick Elton first visited the area that would later become the park. In the 1960s, a significant portion of the land was assigned to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization for wheat and sheep projects. However, these ventures did not succeed in the area. Consequently, the land was transformed into a dairy farm in 1972, a role it continues to serve today.
In response to concerns raised by conservation organizations and various stakeholders, a section of the farm, including Livingstone and Nhumbe Forest Reserves, was officially designated as Kitulo National Park on September 16, 2005.
The climate in the area is predominantly temperate and is influenced by factors such as altitude and Lake Nyasa. The maximum daily temperature ranges anywhere from 58°F to 65°F typically, while the minimum temperature ranges is pretty steady at 45°F between December and April. During the months of June to August, the temperatures can drop as low as 33°F, and frost may occur during this period. The average annual rainfall is 63 inches, ranging anywhere from 55 to 70 inches. The rainy season typically lasts from October to May.
Inside the park, there are several notable attractions that tourists can visit, each offering its own unique natural or cultural value, historical significance, and aesthetic beauty. These sites are ripe with opportunities for leisure, adventure, and amusement.
The park encompasses vast expanses of rolling upland grassland, offering picturesque views of rounded hills that seem to stretch endlessly to the horizon. Visitors can also explore captivating waterfalls, meandering rivers, and even a magnificent crater lake within the park’s boundaries.